5 Signs Your Independent Contractor May Be Properly Classified

IMG_1076In March, we posted Five Signs Your Contractor May Be Misclassified (with Bob Seger lyrics!). Today we look at the other side of the same coin. While there is no sure fire, (Silver) bullet (Band) proof assurance that your contractor relationship will withstand a legal challenge, there are some facts that tend to strongly support legitimate independent contractor status.

Here are 5 signs your independent contractor may be properly classified.

  1. The contractor has an LLC or Corporation. When the IRS or DOL performs an independent contractior misclassification audit, the first thing it is likely to ask for is a list of who received 1099s in the past year. Receipt by individuals suggest possible misclassification. Companies are less of a flag.
  2. The contractor has other clients. The true hallmark of an independent contractor is that the person is in business for him/herself. Having other clients is a strong sign that the contractor is running a legitimate independent business.
  3. The contractor advertises its services in the marketplace. This may take the form of having a web page, flyers, even Facebook ads. Anything that suggests that the contractor is running a business and seeking buyers of its services is strong evidence in support of legitimate independent contractor status.
  4. Your relationship with the contractor is project-based or for a fixed term. Open-ended relationships resemble at-will employment. While a fixed-term relationship can still exist in employment, it’s better than indefinite. Best of all, though, is a project-based engagement. Retain the contractor for a particular project. When the project ends, the relationship ends. Period.
  5. The contractor is not a former employee of your company. Companies sometimes rebrand former employees as contractors. That’s generally too cute. Receipt of a W-2 and 1099 by the same person is a big fat red flag.

Remember, the tests for determining Who Is My Employee? vary by law, and most test are balancing tests, so no single factor is likely to be determinative. Relationships with these five features, however, are more likely to have the scales tilted in favor of recognizing independent contractor status.